Today, India is celebrating its 74th Independence Day. India has written new writings in many cases over the years. We are proud that India is the largest democratic country in the world, the civilization here is almost ten thousand years old. At the same time, before the British stepped in, it was the richest country in the world and not only this, it also worked to explain the world from science to medicine. But the British looted our country fiercely. After being freed from the chains of slavery, India’s biggest priority was how to get India back to its old glory. In the journey since independence, we have succeeded to this extent to a great extent.
Life expectancy has increased significantly in India during the last several decades. While the life expectancy in India was around 51 years during 1970–75, it increased to 69 years in 2015–19. The increase in the average life expectancy rate is the result of continuous investment in the public health sector by the Government of India.
The World Bank report states that the life expectancy rate had increased from 41 to 50 in the early decade (1960–70), with a gradual increase continuing. The life expectancy rate increased by 4 years from 1980 to 1990. Where it was 54 years in 1980, it increased to 58 years in 1990. According to the World Bank report, the life expectancy rate means how many years someone lives according to the current pattern.
In a report released some time ago in Lancet, co-author of the study and Dr. Jimon Pennyammakal of Public Health Foundation of India, it was said that 30 percent people died due to heart disease, lung diseases and paralysis etc. in all age groups. is. In his article, Doctor Jimon wrote that the biggest cause of death of children was brain infection (encephalopathy). This resulted in the death of 2.12 lakh children up to five years old. Some time ago, according to the report of the National Health Profile, the possible age of Indians has increased, but dengue, chikungunya and air pollution have emerged as the biggest challenges for health. According to the Central Bureau of Health Intelligence report, the situation in the country remains worrying about pollution. The condition of Delhi and Haryana and its adjoining states is bad. The report states that Delhi, There has been a rapid increase in the number of deaths due to respiratory disease in Haryana and Uttarakhand. Between 2016 and 2018, the number of deaths in Delhi has increased threefold. According to the report, air pollution accounted for 68.47% of the total deaths.